What does FOB Mean in Shipping Terms?

FOB is the most common agreement between an international buyer and seller when shipping cargo via sea
Free on Board, or FOB is an Incoterm, which means the seller is responsible for loading the purchased cargo onto the ship, and all costs associated. The point the goods are safe aboard the vessel, the risk transfers to the buyer, who assumes the responsibility of the remainder of the transport.

FOB is the most common agreement between an international buyer and seller when shipping cargo via sea. This Incoterm only applies to sea and inland waterway shipments.
What does FOB Mean in Shipping Terms?
FOB - Free on Board (named port of shipment)
When entering into a sales contract with the Incoterms of FOB, the seller assumes the following responsibilities:

  • Export Packaging: Arranging all export packaging so the cargo can be shipped safely.

  • Loading Charges: Any expenses incurred during the loading process at the seller's warehouse.

  • Delivery to Port: Trucking fees incurred while moving the cargo from the warehouse to the port of loading.

  • Export Duty, Taxes & Customs Clearance: Ensuring the cargo is exported correctly.

  • Origin Terminal Handling Charges: The seller is responsible for OTHC.

  • Loading on Carriage: The seller is responsible for the costs incurred to load the cargo onto the carriage.

What are the Seller's Responsibilities?

When a buyer agrees to purchase goods under the Incoterms of FOB, they consent to the following responsibilities and risks:

  • Freight Charges: Carriage charges to ship the cargo from the port of loading to destination.

  • Insurance: Under FOB, freight insurance is not a requirement; however, it is the buyer's decision if they would like to purchase an insurance policy for their shipment.

  • Destination Terminal Handling Charges: The buyer is responsible for DTHC.

  • Delivery to Destination: Once the cargo is unloaded from the carriage, the buyer is responsible for the final carrier fee to deliver the load to their destination.

  • Unloading at Destination: In the event of any expenses incurred during the unloading process at the buyer's warehouse, the buyer is responsible.

  • Import Duty, Taxes & Customs Clearance: The buyer is responsible for all taxes and fees associated with customs clearance. In the event of dunnage, penalties, or delays, the buyer must cover the charges and risks associated with it.

What are the Buyers Responsibilities?

The estimated time of arrival (ETA) is the time when a ship, vehicle, aircraft, cargo, emergency service, or person is expected to arrive at a certain place.

«uild the safest route for crew & cargo and reduce ETA delays to zero! The Marine Digital solutions will allow the fleet managers & vessel owners to track the movement of all ships under control and predict the time of arrival of the ship at the pilot station with high accuracy. Thanks to the modern algorithms for building routes and calculating ETA taking into account weather conditions, sea conditions & vessel performance.

ETA - Estimated Time of Arrival

ETA - Estimated Time of Arrival
TOP 5 factors contributing to lower fuel costs for Shipping companies
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Аdvantage of Fuel Optimization System from Marine Digital:
Marine Digital FOS can be integrated with other system and third-party's solutions through the API. To implement vessel performance monitoring for any vessel, we are using mathematical algorithms, machine learning and the same equipment as in FOS. The more data we collect from vessels, the more precise reports and recommendations our system will perform according to your individual requirements in fleet management.

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